Python统计文本文件内单词数量的方法介绍

Python统计文本文件内单词数量是如何来实现的呢?下面的内容将会通过具体的实例来演示Python统计文本文件内单词数量的实现方法及相关技巧:

本文实例讲述了python统计文本文件内单词数量的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体实现方法如下:

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# count lines, sentences, and words of a text file
# set all the counters to zero
lines, blanklines, sentences, words = 0, 0, 0, 0
print '-' * 50
try:
 # use a text file you have, or google for this one ...
 filename = 'GettysburgAddress.txt'
 textf = open(filename, 'r')
except IOError:
 print 'Cannot open file %s for reading' % filename
 import sys
 sys.exit(0)
# reads one line at a time
for line in textf:
 print line,  # test
 lines += 1
 if line.startswith('n'):
  blanklines += 1
 else:
  # assume that each sentence ends with . or ! or ?
  # so simply count these characters
  sentences += line.count('.') + line.count('!') + line.count('?')
  # create a list of words
  # use None to split at any whitespace regardless of length
  # so for instance double space counts as one space
  tempwords = line.split(None)
  print tempwords # test
  # word total count
  words += len(tempwords)
textf.close()
print '-' * 50
print "Lines   : ", lines
print "Blank lines: ", blanklines
print "Sentences : ", sentences
print "Words   : ", words
# optional console wait for keypress
from msvcrt import getch
getch()


Python统计文本文件内单词数量就是这样,欢迎大家参考。。。。

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