Python基础教程-Python实现分割文件及合并文件的方法详细介绍

Python实现分割文件及合并文件的方法是如何来实现的呢?本python基础教程将会通过具体的实例来演示Python实现分割文件及合并文件的方法的实现方法及相关技巧:

本文实例讲述了Python实现分割文件及合并文件的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体如下:

分割文件split.py如下:

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#!/usr/bin/python
##########################################################################
# split a file into a set of parts; join.py puts them back together;
# this is a customizable version of the standard unix split command-line
# utility; because it is written in Python, it also works on Windows and
# can be easily modified; because it exports a function, its logic can
# also be imported and reused in other applications;
##########################################################################
import sys, os
kilobytes = 1024
megabytes = kilobytes * 1000
chunksize = int(1.4 * megabytes)     # default: roughly a floppy
def split(fromfile, todir, chunksize=chunksize):
 if not os.path.exists(todir):     # caller handles errors
  os.mkdir(todir)       # make dir, read/write parts
 else:
  for fname in os.listdir(todir):   # delete any existing files
   os.remove(os.path.join(todir, fname))
 partnum = 0
 input = open(fromfile, 'rb')     # use binary mode on Windows
 while 1:          # eof=empty string from read
  chunk = input.read(chunksize)    # get next part <= chunksize
  if not chunk: break
  partnum = partnum+1
  filename = os.path.join(todir, ('part%04d' % partnum))
  fileobj = open(filename, 'wb')
  fileobj.write(chunk)
  fileobj.close()       # or simply open().write()
 input.close()
 assert partnum <= 9999       # join sort fails if 5 digits
 return partnum
if __name__ == '__main__':
 if len(sys.argv) == 2 and sys.argv[1] == '-help':
  print 'Use: split.py [file-to-split target-dir [chunksize]]'
 else:
  if len(sys.argv) < 3:
   interactive = 1
   fromfile = raw_input('File to be split&#63; ')  # input if clicked
   todir = raw_input('Directory to store part files&#63; ')
  else:
   interactive = 0
   fromfile, todir = sys.argv[1:3]     # args in cmdline
   if len(sys.argv) == 4: chunksize = int(sys.argv[3])
  absfrom, absto = map(os.path.abspath, [fromfile, todir])
  print 'Splitting', absfrom, 'to', absto, 'by', chunksize
  try:
   parts = split(fromfile, todir, chunksize)
  except:
   print 'Error during split:'
   print sys.exc_info()[0], sys.exc_info()[1]
  else:
   print 'Split finished:', parts, 'parts are in', absto
  if interactive: raw_input('Press Enter key') # pause if clicked

合并文件join_file.py如下:

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#!/usr/bin/python
##########################################################################
# join all part files in a dir created by split.py, to recreate file.
# This is roughly like a 'cat fromdir/* > tofile' command on unix, but is
# more portable and configurable, and exports the join operation as a
# reusable function. Relies on sort order of file names: must be same
# length. Could extend split/join to popup Tkinter file selectors.
##########################################################################
import os, sys
readsize = 1024
def join(fromdir, tofile):
 output = open(tofile, 'wb')
 parts = os.listdir(fromdir)
 parts.sort()
 for filename in parts:
  filepath = os.path.join(fromdir, filename)
  fileobj = open(filepath, 'rb')
  while 1:
   filebytes = fileobj.read(readsize)
   if not filebytes: break
   output.write(filebytes)
  fileobj.close()
 output.close()
if __name__ == '__main__':
 if len(sys.argv) == 2 and sys.argv[1] == '-help':
  print 'Use: join.py [from-dir-name to-file-name]'
 else:
  if len(sys.argv) != 3:
   interactive = 1
   fromdir = raw_input('Directory containing part files&#63; ')
   tofile = raw_input('Name of file to be recreated&#63; ')
  else:
   interactive = 0
   fromdir, tofile = sys.argv[1:]
  absfrom, absto = map(os.path.abspath, [fromdir, tofile])
  print 'Joining', absfrom, 'to make', absto
  try:
   join(fromdir, tofile)
  except:
   print 'Error joining files:'
   print sys.exc_info()[0], sys.exc_info()[1]
  else:
   print 'Join complete: see', absto
  if interactive: raw_input('Press Enter key') # pause if clicked

对于Python实现分割文件及合并文件的方法就是这样,欢迎大家参考python基础教程系类的其它介绍。。。。

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